Understanding the difference between CGPA and SGPA can be crucial for students, particularly when applying to universities or considering their academic progress. In this article, we will explain what CGPA and SGPA are, how they are calculated, and how they can be converted to other grading systems.

## What is CGPA?

CGPA stands for Cumulative Grade Point Average. It is an overall assessment of a student’s academic performance, including grades from all subjects taken throughout the academic year. The CGPA is commonly used in schools and universities and is calculated at the end of the academic year. It is expressed as a one-digit number, which represents the average of all the grades a student has received.

For example, if a student has received grades of A, B, C, and D in four subjects, their CGPA would be calculated by adding the grade points for each grade (4 for A, 3 for B, 2 for C, and 1 for D) and dividing the total by the number of subjects (4). The result would be the student’s CGPA for the academic year.

## What is SGPA?

SGPA stands for Semester Grade Point Average. It is an average of the grades a student receives in a semester, or half of an academic year. The SGPA is commonly used in universities and is calculated at the end of each semester. Like the CGPA, it is expressed as a one-digit number and is calculated by adding the grade points for each grade received in the semester and dividing the total by the number of subjects taken.

For example, if a student has received grades of A, B, and C in three subjects in a semester, their SGPA would be calculated by adding the grade points for each grade (4 for A, 3 for B, and 2 for C) and dividing the total by the number of subjects (3). The result would be the student’s SGPA for the semester.

## Difference Between CGPA and SGPA

The main difference between CGPA and SGPA is the period of time they cover. CGPA covers an entire academic year, while SGPA covers only a semester. This means that the CGPA takes into account all the grades a student receives throughout the year, while the SGPA only considers the grades received in a specific semester.

Another difference is the way CGPA and SGPA are calculated. CGPA is calculated by adding all the grade points received in a year and dividing the total by the number of subjects taken. SGPA, on the other hand, is calculated by adding all the grade points received in a semester and dividing the total by the number of subjects taken in that semester.

**FAQs related to SGPA and CGPA**

**How do I convert my SGPA to CGPA?**

To convert your SGPA to CGPA, add all your SGPA scores and divide the total by the number of semesters you completed in your undergraduate degree. This will give you a new one-digit number, which is your CGPA.

**How do I convert my CGPA to a percentage?**

To convert your CGPA to a percentage, multiply your CGPA by band ( mostly 9.5) . This will give you your final percentage score.