Theme Detection – Questions and Answers – Quiz 2

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1. To forgive an injury is often considered to be a sign of weakness; it is really a sign of strength. It is easy to allow oneself to be carried away by resentment and hate into an act of vengeance; but it takes a strong character to restrain those natural passions. The man who forgives an injury proves himself to be the superior of the man who wronged himself and puts the wrong-doer to shame. The passage best supports’ the statement that:

the sufferer alone knows the intensity of his sufferings.
people tend to forgive the things happened in the past.
natural passions are difficult to suppress.
mercy is the noblest form of revenge.

2. Industrial exhibitions play a major role in a country’s economy. Such exhibitions, now regularly held in Delhi, enable us to measure the extent of our own less advanced industrial progress and the mighty industrial power and progress of countries like the U.K., U.S.A. and Russia whose pavilions are the centres of the greatest attention and attractions. The passage best supports the statement that industrial exhibitions –

greatly tax the poor economies.
are more useful for the developed countries like U.S.A. whose products stand out superior to those of the developing countries.
are not of much use to the countries who are industrially backward.
boost up production qualitatively and quantitatively by analytical comparison of a country’s products with those of the developed countries.

3. The school has always been the most important means of transferring the wealth of tradition form one generation to the next. This applies today in an even higher degree than in former times for, through the modern development of economy, the family as bearer of tradition and education has become weakened. This passage best supports the statement that for transferring the wealth of tradition from one generation to the next –

there are means other than the school.
several different sources must be tried.
economic development plays a crucial role
modern technology must be put to use.

4. Emerson said that the poet was landlord, Sealord, airlord. The flight of imagination made the poet master of land, sea and air. But a poet’s dream of yesterday becomes today an actual achievement and a reality for all men. Even those who invented, improved and perfected the aeroplane could hardly have dreamt of the possibility of flight into outer space. The passage best supports the statement that:

seemingly impossible imaginations make one a good poet,
all imaginations become a reality some day.
what man imagined has never been impossible; he has always turned it a reality through his conception of ideas and sheer hard labour.
man has reached the climax of technological development with his exploration into outer space.

5. It is up to our government and planners to devise ways and means for the mobilisation of about ten crore workers whose families total up about forty crore men, women and children. Our agriculture is over-manned. A lesser number of agriculturists would mean more purchasing or spending power to every agriculturist. This will result in the shortage of man-power for many commodities to be produced for which there will be a new demand from a prosperous agrarian class. This shortage will be removed by surplus man-power released from agriculture as suggested above. The passage best supports the statement that:

employment in production is more fruitful than employment in agriculture.
Indian economy is in a poor shape basically due to improper mobilisation of man-power.
a shift of labour from agricultural sector to the industrial sector would uplift the living standard.
the industrial sector is labour-deficient while the agricultural sector is over-manned in our country.

6. Exports and imports, a swelling favourable balance of trade, investments and bank-balances, are not an index or a balance sheet of national prosperity. Till the beginning of the Second World War, English exports were noticeably greater than what they are today. And yet England has greater national prosperity today than it ever had. Because the income of average Englishmen, working as field and factory labourers, clerks, policemen, petty shopkeepers and shop assistants, domestic workers and other low-paid workers, has gone up. The passage best supports the statement that:

a country’s economic standard can be best adjudged by per capital income.
a country’s balance of trade is the main criteria of determining its economic prosperity.
a nation’s economy strengthens with the increase in exports.
English trade has continually increased since the Second World War.

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